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Conoce Nuestra Ciudad

Santa Marta

Conoce Nuestra Ciudad

Santa Marta

Conoce Nuestra Ciudad

Santa Marta

The city

The Tourist, Cultural and Historical District of Santa Marta, or Santa Marta is a Colombian city, capital of the Magdalena Department, in the Caribbean Region. Founded on July 29, 1525 by the Spanish conquistador Rodrigo de Bastidas, it is the oldest existing city in Colombia and the second oldest in South America. This city, located in the Bay of the same name, is one of the main tourist destinations of the Colombian Caribbean. Its location between the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, with the highest peaks of the country, and the Caribbean Sea, make it attractive to visit the variety of fauna and flora that is in the area, in addition to cultural and historical sites that the city has . As an important fact, Simón Bolívar died on a farm named Quinta de San Pedro Alejandrino, which at the time was on the outskirts of the city, on December 17, 1830. Due to the above, the 1991 constitution conferred Santa Marta the character of Tourist, Cultural and Historical District.

Economy
According to the general census of the DANE of 2005, the total population of Santa Marta is 414,387 inhabitants. Its economy is based on tourism, commerce, port activity and fishing, in that same order. Because the basis of the economy is tourism, several companies are dedicated to providing tours throughout the city. The characteristics of Santa Marta called it La Perla de América, named after Father Antonio Julián in the 18th century. Its beaches are white sand and many are calm waters. In Santa Marta, the tourist area apart from its historic center, comprises what is properly the urban area, the town of El Rodadero, national parks, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the southern area that passes through the Pozos Colorados until arriving to Ciénaga. The mountainous massif of the Sierra Nevada creates several rivers and natural environments that go from dry forests to tropical humid forests that allow ecotourism.

Weather
Santa Marta, is located on the shores of the bay of the same name on the Atlantic Ocean, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta in the department of Magdalena. Santa Marta is 918 km away from Bogotá; of Riohacha 166 and of Barranquilla 93. The perimeter limits by the north and the west with the Caribbean Sea, by the east with the department of the Guajira and by the south with the municipalities of Aracataca and Ciénaga. The average temperature is 28 ° C and a dry environment predominates due to the breezes coming from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, and due to the difference in the topography of the city there are all the thermal floors, and several types of vegetation, such as humid tropical and dry only a few kilometers from each other in the area that includes this mountain massif, thus resulting in the city with the greatest biodiversity in the world. The main months of rain are June, July, September and October, and the driest are from December to April. The precipitation in this region varies from 12 to 975mm per month.

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